Anatomic localization of cholecystokinin receptors to the pyloric sphincter.

TitleAnatomic localization of cholecystokinin receptors to the pyloric sphincter.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1984
JournalThe American journal of physiology
Volume246
Issue1 Pt 2
PaginationR127-30
ISSN0002-9513
Abstract

In an effort to identify target sites within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract through which cholecystokinin (CCK) may exert its gastric inhibitory and satiety effects, the distribution of CCK receptors was mapped in the stomach and small bowel by in vitro radiography utilizing 125I-labeled Bolton-Hunter CCK-33. Specific receptor binding was localized to the circular smooth muscle layer of the pyloric sphincter. Negligible binding was observed in the oblique, circular, or longitudinal muscle layers of other GI levels. Moderate nonspecific binding was associated with mucosal tissue in all gastric sections. The restriction of CCK receptors to the circular smooth muscle of the pyloric sphincter suggests this location as the site through which CCK inhibits gastric emptying. Gastric distension secondary to this inhibition may be the mechanism for CCK-induced satiety.

URLhttp://www.physiology.org/doi/abs/10.1152/ajpregu.1984.246.1.R127?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dpubmed
DOI10.1152/ajpregu.1984.246.1.R127
Short TitleAm J Physiol
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