Cell sensitivity to transplacental mutagenesis by N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea is greatest during early gestation in the Syrian hamster.

TitleCell sensitivity to transplacental mutagenesis by N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea is greatest during early gestation in the Syrian hamster.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
JournalMutation research
Volume427
Issue1
Pagination47-58
Date Published1999
ISSN0027-5107
Abstract

The extremely high rate of cell division that occurs during early embryogenesis is hypothesized to predispose to high rates of mutation after chemical exposure. We tested this supposition experimentally. To probe the variation in susceptibility to mutation induction as a function of gestation stage, somatic cells of the developing Syrian hamster were isolated after transplacental treatment with N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU). Mutants were quantified using either 6-thioguanine (6-TG) or diphtheria toxin (DT) as selective agents. Several different approaches were used. In one, three litters were exposed on each gestation day and fetuses were removed on day 13. Maximum fetal sensitivity to ENU's genotoxic action was noted when treatment was at days 8 and 9, fewer mutants being obtained with earlier and later exposures. To compensate for the low numbers of target cells early in gestation, this experiment was repeated using larger numbers of litters exposed at the earlier time points, and the highest mutation frequency was now found to occur after treatment on gestation days 6 and 7. In the second approach, mutations were quantified in cells harvested 24 h after transplacental ENU exposure. Here again, embryos exposed at earlier times of gestation were more susceptible than those treated at later periods. Based on the total cell numbers in embryos and fetuses at each gestation day, we conclude that mutation frequency is maximal on day 6, corresponding to the primitive streak stage with extremely high rates of cell division.

URLhttps://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0027-5107(99)00085-8
DOI10.1016/S0027-5107(99)00085-8
Short TitleMutat Res
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