Changes in the amino acid content of nerve endings (synaptosomes) induced by drugs that alter the metabolism of glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid.

TitleChanges in the amino acid content of nerve endings (synaptosomes) induced by drugs that alter the metabolism of glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1984
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Volume42
Issue1
Pagination16-24
ISSN0022-3042
Abstract

The study was centered on the changes in the amino acid content of nerve endings (synaptosomes) induced by drugs that alter the metabolism of glutamate or gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and that possess convulsant or anticonvulsant properties. The onset of seizures induced by various convulsant agents was associated with a decreased content of GABA and an increased content of glutamate in synaptosomes. The concurrent administration of pyridoxine prevented both the biochemical changes and the convulsions. The administration of gabaculine to mice resulted in large increases in the GABA content of synaptosomes that were counteracted by decreases in glutamate, glutamine, and aspartate levels such that the total content of the four amino acids remained unchanged. The administration of aminooxyacetic acid (0.91 mmol/kg) resulted initially in seizure activity, but subsequently in an anticonvulsant action. No simple relationship existed between the excitable state of the brain induced by aminooxyacetic acid and the changes in the synaptosomal levels of any of the amino acid transmitters. A hypothesis was, however, formulated that explained the convulsant-cum-anticonvulsant action of aminooxyacetic acid on the basis of compartmentation of GABA within the nerve endings.

URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0022-3042&date=1984&volume=42&issue=1&spage=16
Short TitleJ Neurochem
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