Estradiol acts in the medial preoptic area, arcuate nucleus, and dorsal raphe nucleus to reduce food intake in ovariectomized rats.

TitleEstradiol acts in the medial preoptic area, arcuate nucleus, and dorsal raphe nucleus to reduce food intake in ovariectomized rats.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
JournalHormones and behavior
Volume60
Issue1
Pagination86-93
ISSN0018-506X
Abstract

Estradiol (E2) exerts an inhibitory effect on food intake in a variety of species. While compelling evidence indicates that central, rather than peripheral, estrogen receptors (ERs) mediate this effect, the exact brain regions involved have yet to be conclusively identified. In order to identify brain regions that are sufficient for E2's anorectic effect, food intake was monitored for 48 h following acute, unilateral, microinfusions of vehicle and two doses (0.25 and 2.5 μg) of a water-soluble form of E2 in multiple brain regions within the hypothalamus and midbrain of ovariectomized rats. Dose-related decreases in 24-h food intake were observed following E2 administration in the medial preoptic area (MPOA), arcuate nucleus (ARC), and dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN). Within the former two brain areas, the larger dose of E2 also decreased 4-h food intake. Food intake was not influenced, however, by similar E2 administration in the paraventricular nucleus, lateral hypothalamus, or ventromedial nucleus. These data suggest that E2-responsive neurons within the MPOA, ARC, and DRN participate in the estrogenic control of food intake and provide specific brain areas for future investigations of the cellular mechanism underlying estradiol's anorexigenic effect.

URLhttps://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0018-506X(11)00068-7
DOI10.1016/j.yhbeh.2011.03.009
Short TitleHorm Behav
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