Evaluation of the physical and in vitro protective activity of three synthetic peptides derived from the pro- and mature GDNF sequence.

TitleEvaluation of the physical and in vitro protective activity of three synthetic peptides derived from the pro- and mature GDNF sequence.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
JournalNeuropeptides
Volume45
Issue3
Pagination213-8
ISSN0143-4179
Abstract

Recently, a small 11-amino acid amidated peptide, dopamine neuron stimulating peptide-11 (DNSP-11), was shown to exert neurotrophic-like actions on primary dopaminergic neurons and in parkinsonian rat models. This suggests smaller neurotrophic-like molecules may be deliverable and modifiable for therapeutic use. Here we evaluate the molecular and cellular protection properties of DNSP-11 and two other amidated-peptides, a 5-mer (DNSP-5) and a 17-mer (DNSP-17), hypothesized to be endoproteolytically processed from the pro- and mature glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) protein sequence, respectively. Far-UV circular dichroism spectra show that the three DNSPs are soluble and act independently in vitro. Reverse phase HPLC and mass spectrometry analysis show that the three peptides are stable for one month at a variety of storage and experimental conditions. To gain insight into their biodistribution properties in the brain, we used affinity chromatography to show that DNSP-17 binds heparin equally as tight as GDNF, whereas DNSP-5 and DNSP-11 do not bind heparin, which should facilitate their delivery in vivo. Finally, we present data showing that DNSP-11 provides dose-dependent protection of HEK-293 cells from staurosporine and 3-nitropropionate (3-NP) cytotoxicity, thereby supporting its broad mitochondrial-protective properties.

URLhttps://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0143-4179(11)00023-0
DOI10.1016/j.npep.2011.03.003
Short TitleNeuropeptides
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