Failure of nifedipine therapy to reduce myocardial infarct size in the baboon.

TitleFailure of nifedipine therapy to reduce myocardial infarct size in the baboon.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1982
JournalThe American journal of cardiology
Volume49
Issue2
Pagination331-8
Date Published1982
ISSN0002-9149
Abstract

The value of nifedipine in reducing the ultimate size of an infarct associated with a period of coronary occlusion followed by reperfusion was assessed. Eight baboons were administered a bolus dose of nifedipine, 5 micrograms/kg intravenously, and then a maintenance dose of 30 micrograms/kg per hour was begun 1 hour before occlusion. This regimen resulted in an 8.5 +/- 1.2 percent (mean +/- standard error) decrease in mean arterial pressure. The left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded for 2 hours and then perfusion restored. At 2 hours after reperfusion the nifedipine infusion was discontinued. Eight control baboons underwent an identical protocol without nifedipine therapy. At 24 hours after occlusion, microvascular dyes were injected into the left anterior descending coronary artery and adjacent arteries to delineate the perfusion bed of the previously occluded artery. The volume of infarction was determined with planimetry and compared with the volume of the perfusion bed of the occluded artery. The area of infarction was always contained within the perfusion bed of the occluded artery. The mean percent of the perfusion bed with infarction was 50.1 +/- 5.8 in the control group and 41.7 +/- 9.5 in the treated group (difference not significant; p greater than 0.05). In both control and treated groups of baboons hemorrhage occurred only within the region of infarction. In both groups electron microscopy revealed large electron-dense granules within the mitochondria. In conclusion nifedipine therapy during a 2 hour period of coronary occlusion followed by reperfusion did not result in any significant reduction in ultimate infarct size in the baboon.

URLhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/0002-9149(82)90509-4
Short TitleAm J Cardiol
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