Inhibition of the L-type calcium channel by the five muscarinic receptors (m1-m5) expressed in NIH 3T3 cells.

TitleInhibition of the L-type calcium channel by the five muscarinic receptors (m1-m5) expressed in NIH 3T3 cells.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
JournalPflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology
Volume433
Issue4
Pagination505-14
ISSN0031-6768
Abstract

Modulation of L-type calcium channels by the five cloned muscarinic receptors was studied by expression of the receptors in NIH 3T3 cells. Application of acetylcholine (ACh) to cells transfected with m1-m5 resulted in a reduction in the L-type calcium current amplitude. Elevations in intracellular cAMP concentrations induced by 8-bromo-cAMP or forskolin resulted in no discernible change in the L-type calcium current. In addition, treatment with Rp-adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphothioate triethylamine (Rp-cAMPS), a protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor, had no effect on the L-type currents. Conversely, application of phorbol dibutyrate, an activator of protein kinase C (PKC) or 8-bromo-cGMP, an activator of cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG), reduced the calcium currents. Incubation of the cells with KT5823, an inhibitor of PKG, resulted in a reduction of the response to 8-bromo-cGMP. The ACh-induced depression of L-type calcium current amplitude was sensitive to pertussis toxin (PTX) in cells transfected with the m2 or m4 receptor subtype. The m2-muscarinic-receptor-induced inhibition of the L-type calcium current was attenuated by preincubation of the cells with 8-bromo-cAMP and was unaffected by KT5823 or by calphostin C. The m1-muscarinic-receptor-induced inhibition of the L-type calcium conductance was insensitive to PTX treatment. However, the m1-induced response was blocked by preincubation of the cells with calphostin C. The present data indicate that the m2 (and possibly also the m4) muscarinic receptors inhibit the L-type calcium conductance by a reduction in cAMP concentration and that the m1 (and possibly also the m3 and m5) muscarinic receptors inhibit the L-type calcium channel via activation of PKC.

URLhttps://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004240050306
DOI10.1007/s004240050306
Short TitlePflugers Arch
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