Lysophosphatidic acid-induced proliferation-related signals in astrocytes.

TitleLysophosphatidic acid-induced proliferation-related signals in astrocytes.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Volume69
Issue3
Pagination1073-84
ISSN0022-3042
Abstract

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a potent lipid biomediator that is likely to have diverse roles in the brain. Thus, LPA-induced events in astrocytes were defined. As little as 1 nM LPA induced a rapid increase in the concentration of intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i) in astrocytes from neonatal rat brains. This increase was followed by a slow return to the basal level. Intracellular calcium stores were important for the initial rise in [Ca2+]i, whereas the influx of extracellular calcium contributed significantly to the extended elevation of [Ca2+]i. LPA treatment also resulted in increases in lipid peroxidation and DNA synthesis. These increases in [Ca2+]i, lipid peroxidation, and DNA synthesis were inhibited by pretreatment of cells with pertussis toxin or H7, a serine/threonine protein kinase inhibitor. Moreover, the LPA-induced increase in [Ca2+]i was inhibited by a protein kinase C inhibitor, Ro 31-8220, and a calcium-dependent protein kinase C inhibitor, Gö 6976. The increase in [Ca2+]i was important for the LPA-induced increase in lipid peroxidation, whereas the antioxidant, propyl gallate, inhibited the LPA-stimulated increases in lipid peroxidation and DNA synthesis. In contrast, pertussis toxin, H7, and propyl gallate had no effect on LPA-induced inhibition of glutamate uptake. Thus, LPA appears to signal via at least two distinctive mechanisms in astrocytes. One is a novel pathway, namely, activation of a pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein and participation of a protein kinase, leading to sequential increases in [Ca2+]i, lipid peroxidation, and DNA synthesis.

URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0022-3042&date=1997&volume=69&issue=3&spage=1073
Short TitleJ Neurochem
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