The mutagenic effects of 7,12-dimethylbenz a anthacene, 3-methylcholanthrene and benzo a pyrene to the developing Syrian hamster fetus measured by an in vivo/in vitro mutation assay.

TitleThe mutagenic effects of 7,12-dimethylbenz a anthacene, 3-methylcholanthrene and benzo a pyrene to the developing Syrian hamster fetus measured by an in vivo/in vitro mutation assay.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
JournalMutation research
Volume554
Issue1-2
Pagination111-20
Date Published2004
ISSN0027-5107
Abstract

The transplacental mutagenicity of three polycylic aromatic hydrocarbons, 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthacene (DMBA), 3-methylcholanthrene (MC) and benzo[a]pyrene (BP), was measured by an in vivo/in vitro mutation assay. Fetal sensitivity and dose-response characteristics with regard to transplacental mutagenesis by these compounds have never been quantified. In the current experiment, pregnant Syrian hamsters were exposed to these compounds at day 12 of gestation. Twenty-four hours later the fetuses were removed and their cells were allowed a 5-day expression time in culture. They were then seeded for colony formation and also for mutation selection by diphtheria toxin. DMBA at 0.2 mmol/kg (51.3 mg/kg) had an induced mutant frequency of 1.56 x 10(-4) mutants per surviving cell. This was 598 times the historical control. DMBA at 0.2 mmol/kg was 3.6 times more potent than the highly mutagenic positive control, ethylnitrosourea, at 1 mmol/kg. DMBA also caused a dose-dependent increase in cloning efficiency, which was highly correlated with mutation rate. BP and MC were less effective than DMBA, causing increased mutations that were 31.6 and 17.7 times the historical control, respectively, and for neither was there any correlation of mutation rate with cloning efficiency. The special effectiveness of DMBA as a transplacental mutagen may relate to its ability to cause increased cell division and fixation of DNA lesions as mutations.

URLhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0027510704001356
DOI10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2004.04.003
Short TitleMutat Res
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