Neuronal loss and cytoskeletal disruption following intrahippocampal administration of the metabolic inhibitor malonate: lack of protection by MK-801.

TitleNeuronal loss and cytoskeletal disruption following intrahippocampal administration of the metabolic inhibitor malonate: lack of protection by MK-801.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1996
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Volume66
Issue2
Pagination474-84
ISSN0022-3042
Abstract

Impaired energy metabolism may contribute to the pathogenesis of late-onset neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease by increasing neuronal vulnerability to excitotoxic damage through the NMDA receptor. The effects of metabolic impairment on the striatum have been extensively examined, but relatively little is known regarding the vulnerability of the hippocampus. To examine the effect of metabolic impairment on the hippocampal formation, malonate (0.25-2.5 mumol), a reversible inhibitor of succinate dehydrogenase, was administered by stereotaxic injection into the hippocampus of male Sprague-Dawley rats. Neuronal loss was assessed by Nissl stain, and immunocytochemistry was used to examine cytoskeletal disruption. Malonate produced a dose-dependent lesion in which CA1 pyramidal neurons were most vulnerable, followed by CA3 and dentate gyrus. Cytoskeletal alterations included the loss of microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) and dendritic MAP1B immunoreactivity, whereas axonal MAP1B and tau proteins were relatively spared. Spatially and temporally correlated with the loss of MAP2 was an increase in the immunoreactivity of calpain-cleaved spectrin. A similar pattern of neuronal damage and cytoskeletal disruption was produced by intrahippocampal injection of quinolinate (0.1 mumol), an NMDA agonist. Although these results are consistent with the hypothesis that metabolic impairment results in excitotoxic death, MK-801 (dizocilipine maleate), a noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist, did not attenuate the lesions produced by malonate but was effective against quinolinate. The results suggest that NMDA receptor activation is not required for malonate-induced damage in the hippocampal formation.

URLhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0022-3042&date=1996&volume=66&issue=2&spage=474
Short TitleJ Neurochem
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