Recall order determines the magnitude of directed forgetting in the within-participants list method.

TitleRecall order determines the magnitude of directed forgetting in the within-participants list method.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
JournalMemory & cognition
Volume33
Issue4
Pagination588-94
Date Published2005 Jun
ISSN0090-502X
Abstract

In three experiments, we investigated the effect of recall order on directed forgetting when the within-participants list method is used. Experiment 1 showed that participants tend to recall to-be-remembered (R) items before to-be-forgotten (F) items when they can recall items in any order. In Experiment 2, recall order was manipulated (F-R or R-F). The results showed that only the R-F order led to directed forgetting. Finally, in Experiment 3, recall order was also manipulated, and half of the participants were explicitly instructed to use a relational strategy when both F and R items were presented. Again, only the R-F order led to directed forgetting. These results demonstrate that directed forgetting under the list method hinges on the output order in which participants recall the F and R information. Thus, output order should be taken into account by researchers investigating specific mechanisms that lead to directed forgetting.

Short TitleRecall order determines the magnitude of directed forgetting in
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