Olfactory receptor surface expression is driven by association with the beta2-adrenergic receptor.

TitleOlfactory receptor surface expression is driven by association with the beta2-adrenergic receptor.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Date Published2004

Olfactory receptors (ORs) comprise more than half of the large class I G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily. Although cloned over a decade ago, little is known about their properties because wild-type ORs do not efficiently reach the cell surface following heterologous expression. Receptor-receptor interactions strongly influence surface trafficking of other GPCRs, and we examined whether a similar mechanism might be involved in OR surface expression. Olfactory neurons are known to express beta-adrenergic receptors (ARs), and we found that coexpression with beta(2)-ARs, but not any other AR subtypes, dramatically increased mouse 71 (M71) OR surface expression in human embryonic kidney 293 cells. A persistent physical interaction between M71 ORs and beta(2)-ARs was shown by coimmunoprecipitation and by cointernalization of the two receptors in response to their specific ligands. Also, coexpression of wild-type M71 ORs with beta(2)-ARs resulted in cAMP responses to the M71 ligand acetophenone. Finally, in situ hybridization studies showed extensive colocalization of M71 OR and beta(2)-AR expression in mouse olfactory epithelium. These data demonstrate the successful heterologous surface expression of a functional wild-type OR and reveal that persistent physical association with other GPCRs can control OR surface expression.

Short TitleProc Natl Acad Sci U S A
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