Opposing effects of ethanol and nicotine on hippocampal calbindin-D28k expression.

TitleOpposing effects of ethanol and nicotine on hippocampal calbindin-D28k expression.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1969
JournalAlcohol (Fayetteville, N.Y.)
Volume31
Issue1-2
Pagination1-10
Date Published1969
ISSN0741-8329
Abstract

Long-term ethanol exposure produces multiple neuroadaptations that likely contribute to dysregulation of Ca(2+) balance and neurotoxicity during ethanol withdrawal. Conversely, nicotine exposure may reduce the neurotoxic consequences of Ca(2+) dysregulation, putatively through up-regulation of the Ca(2+)-buffering protein calbindin-D(28k). The current studies were designed to examine the extent to which 10-day ethanol exposure and withdrawal altered calbindin-D(28k) expression in rat hippocampus. Further, in these studies, we examined the ability of nicotine, through action at alpha(7)(*)-bearing nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), to antagonize the effects of ethanol exposure on calbindin-D(28k) expression. Organotypic cultures of rat hippocampus were exposed to ethanol (50-100 mM) for 10 days. Additional cultures were exposed to 500 nM (-)-nicotine with or without the addition of 50 mM ethanol, 100 nM methyllycaconitine (an alpha(7)*-bearing nAChR antagonist), or both. Prolonged exposure to ethanol (>/=50 mM) produced significant reductions of calbindin-D(28k) immunolabeling in all regions of the hippocampal formation, even at nontoxic concentrations of ethanol. Calbindin-D(28k) expression levels returned to near-control levels after 72 h of withdrawal from 10-day ethanol exposure. Extended (-)-nicotine exposure produced significant elevations in calbindin-D(28k) expression levels that were prevented by methyllycaconitine co-exposure. Co-exposure of cultures to (-)-nicotine with ethanol resulted in an attenuation of ethanol-induced reductions in calbindin-D(28k) expression levels. These findings support the suggestion that long-term ethanol exposure reduces the neuronal capacity to buffer accumulated Ca(2+) in a reversible manner, an effect that likely contributes to withdrawal-induced neurotoxicity. Further, long-term exposure to (-)-nicotine enhances calbindin-D(28k) expression in an alpha(7)* nAChR-dependent manner and antagonizes the effects of ethanol on calbindin-D(28k) expression.

URLhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0741832903001915
Short TitleAlcohol
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