Premature peripheral vascular disease: clinical profile and abnormal lipid peroxidation.

TitlePremature peripheral vascular disease: clinical profile and abnormal lipid peroxidation.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1998
JournalCardiovascular surgery (London, England)

The aim of this study was to determine any biochemical differences between early-onset peripheral vascular disease and typical onset atherosclerosis, and age-matched controls. A subset of patients present at a young age ( < 50 years) with peripheral vascular disease which pursues an aggressive course. As lipid oxidation seems important in atherosclerosis, total lipid peroxides, oxidized subfractions, and Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) were studied in patients with premature peripheral vascular disease. Charts were reviewed of patients operated on for vascular occlusive disease over a 5-year period. Patients with early-onset peripheral vascular disease (group I) were evaluated for biochemical abnormalities and compared with typical onset atherosclerotics (group II) and age-matched controls (group III). Sixteen patients with early-onset peripheral vascular disease underwent biochemical evaluation. Conventional lipid profiles did not differ statistically from those of age-matched controls, except for mild elevations in LDL and VLDL in patients with vascular occlusive disease (207 and 195 mg/dl in groups I and 11 versus 157 mg/dl in group III). Total oxidative potential was significantly elevated (P = 0.006) 3.04, 2.15 and 2.04 nmol/ml in groups I, II and III, respectively. Levels of oxidized LDL and VLDL were even more significantly elevated (P = 0.0009) for premature peripheral vascular disease, (1.2, 0.58 and 0.47 nmol/ml in groups I-II). TEAC values did not differ significantly between groups (0.83, 0.82, 0.82 nmol/ml) and did not correlate with total lipid peroxide values for individual patients. In conclusion, lipid peroxides were significantly elevated in patients with premature peripheral vascular disease, the most marked changes being seen in oxidized LDL and VLDL subfractions. Lipid peroxides were elevated when standard lipid profiles were only mildly abnormal. The poor long-term prognosis in these patients suggests the need for aggressive evaluation and treatment of lipid abnormalities.

Short TitleCardiovasc Surg
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