Proteasome or calpain inhibition does not alter cellular tau levels in neuroblastoma cells or primary neurons.

TitleProteasome or calpain inhibition does not alter cellular tau levels in neuroblastoma cells or primary neurons.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD
Volume7
Issue1
Pagination15-24
ISSN1387-2877
Abstract

Impaired tau catabolism may contribute to tau accumulation and aggregation in Alzheimer's disease and neurofibrillary tangle formation. This study examined the effects of proteasome and calpain inhibition on tau levels and turnover in primary rat hippocampal neurons and differentiated SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells. Administration of proteasome (MG-115, lactacystin) or calpain (MDL28170) inhibitors for up to 24 hours did not alter tau levels in differentiated SH-SY5Y cells or rat hippocampal neurons. Addition of 1 microM and 10 microM MG-115 did not change total tau levels, but did result in increased reactivity of phosphorylation-dependent tau antibodies (PHF-1, CP-13) and decreased Tau-1 immunoreactivity. Administration of cycloheximide to inhibit de novo protein synthesis also did not alter tau levels in the presence or absence of lactacystin. These results demonstrate that although the proteasome and calpain protease systems are capable of degrading tau in cell-free assays, their inhibition does not alter cellular tau levels in primary neurons or differentiated neuroblastoma cells.

URLhttps://content.iospress.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=1387-2877&volume=7&issue=1&spage=15
Short TitleJ Alzheimers Dis
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