Reading homographs: orthographic, phonologic, and semantic dynamics.

TitleReading homographs: orthographic, phonologic, and semantic dynamics.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
JournalJournal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance
Volume25
Issue2
Pagination561-74
ISSN0096-1523
Abstract

Reading processes were compared across 3 word types: homographs (separate pronunciations and meanings, such as lead), homonyms (singular pronunciations but separate meanings, such as spring), and control words (e.g., clock). In Experiment 1, naming reaction times were significantly slower to homographs than to all other words. Experiments 2 and 3 used an association judgment task, with referent words related to the dominant or subordinate meanings of homonyms and homographs. In Experiment 2, homonyms and homographs were presented 1st, followed by disambiguating associates. In Experiment 3, presentation order was reversed. For homographs, performance costs always occurred for subordinate meanings. For homonyms, these costs vanished when context was provided by the preceding associates. The data underscore the priority of phonologic information in word meaning access and suggest that low- and high-level constraints combine to shape word perception.

URLhttp://content.apa.org/journals/xhp/25/2/561
Short TitleJ Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform
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