Role of the small GTPase Rho in modulation of the inwardly rectifying potassium channel Kir2.1.

TitleRole of the small GTPase Rho in modulation of the inwardly rectifying potassium channel Kir2.1.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
JournalMolecular pharmacology
Volume64
Issue4
Pagination987-93
ISSN0026-895X
Abstract

The inwardly rectifying potassium channel Kir2.1 is inhibited by a variety of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). However, the mechanisms underlying the inhibition have not been fully elucidated. In this study the role of the small GTPase, Rho, in mediating this inhibition was determined. Stimulation of the m1 muscarinic receptor inhibited Kir2.1, when both receptor and channel were coexpressed in tsA201 cells. The inhibition of Kir2.1 by carbachol was reversible and atropine-sensitive. Cotransfection with a dominant-negative mutant of the small GTPase Rho abolished the inhibition of Kir2.1 with current amplitudes remaining at control levels in the presence of carbachol. Conversely, cotransfection with the constitutively activated mutant of Rho resulted in a reduction in basal Kir2.1 current amplitudes, suggesting that Rho inhibits Kir2.1. To further confirm the involvement of Rho in the signal transduction pathway, cotransfection with C3 transferase (EFC3), a selective inhibitor of Rho, abolished the reduction in Kir2.1 currents noted upon application of carbachol under control conditions. Preincubation with the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor wortmannin or the Rho kinase inhibitor (R)-(+)-trans-N-(4-pyridyl)-4-(1-aminoethyl)-cyclohexanecarboxamide, 2 HCl (Y-27632) had no effect on agonist-induced inhibition of Kir2.1, precluding these kinases as downstream effectors of Rho in mediation of the signal. In addition, 2'-amino-3'-methoxyflavone (PD98059), an inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase (MEK), had no effect on the m1 receptor-induced inhibition of Kir2.1, suggesting that MAP kinases are not involved in the signaling pathway. In conclusion, these data indicate that the small GTPase, Rho, transduces the m1 muscarinic receptor-induced inhibition of Kir2.1 via an unidentified mechanism.

URLhttp://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=14500755
DOI10.1124/mol.64.4.987
Short TitleMol Pharmacol
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