Sex bias in the diagnosis of personality disorders: an evaluation of the DSM-IV criteria.

TitleSex bias in the diagnosis of personality disorders: an evaluation of the DSM-IV criteria.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
JournalJournal of abnormal psychology
Volume108
Issue2
Pagination195-201
ISSN0021-843X
Abstract

This study considered whether the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) is biased against women by requiring less dysfunction for the personality disorders that are more commonly diagnosed in women (e.g., histrionic). Clinicians estimated the extent of social dysfunction, occupational dysfunction, and personal distress suggested by each of the diagnostic criteria for 6 personality disorders. The results failed to suggest a bias against women, as there was no difference in the overall level of dysfunction associated with the female-typed personality disorder diagnostic criteria (fewer criteria are also required for the male-typed diagnoses). However, the considerable variation in dysfunction across disorders and criteria, and the minimal degree of impairment implied by some of the diagnostic criteria, also raise more general issues that should perhaps be addressed in future editions of the diagnostic manual.

URLhttp://content.apa.org/journals/abn/108/2/195
Short TitleJ Abnorm Psychol
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